Posts for: March, 2019
Does your child struggle with asthma symptoms? Houston, TX, pediatricians Drs. Heena Thakkar and Shilpa Pankaj can help you manage your child's condition and decrease flareups.
What is asthma?
Asthma symptoms occur when the small airways in your child's lungs become inflamed and swollen, reducing airflow to the lungs. Breathing becomes even harder when the muscles around the airways begin to tighten, or the airways fill with mucus caused by inflammation. More than 6 million kids in the U.S. under 18 have asthma, according to the Asthma & Allergy Foundation of America.
Does my child have asthma?
Wheezing is a common sign of asthma, but it's not the only one. Other asthma signs and symptoms include:
- Coughing: Children who have asthma may cough even if they don't have a cold or illness. Coughing can increase with exertion or when your child laughs or cries.
- Fatigue: Does your child tire easily? Asthma may be to blame.
- Shortness of Breath: Shortness of breath may occur if your child can't breathe in enough air due to narrowing and inflammation of his or her airways.
- Chest Pain: Kids who have asthma may complain that their chests hurt.
- Rapid Breathing: If the airways become severely constricted, your child may begin to breathe rapidly or even look blue. Take him or her to the emergency room immediately if you notice these symptoms.
How can my pediatrician help?
Your child's Houston pediatrician can offer treatments and suggestions that will help you manage your child's respiratory disease. She may recommend daily maintenance medication that helps reduce or prevent asthma flareups. The medication may be offered in pill or inhaled form. Your child may also need a rescue inhaler. The inhalers offer quick relief of symptoms when a flareup does occur. Allergy testing may be recommended if the pediatrician suspects that flareups may be triggered by allergies.
A few modifications around your home can also be helpful. Your child's doctor may recommend several changes, such as using foam rather than down or feather pillows, vacuuming, and mopping floors regularly to reduce dust and allergens, and improving indoor air quality with air-conditioners and HEPA filters.
Preventive care is essential if your child has asthma. Call Houston, TX, pediatricians Drs. Heena Thakkar and Shilpa Pankaj at (713) 861-4800 to schedule an appointment for your son or daughter.
- You or your child hears a snap or grinding noise as the injury occurs
- Your child experiences swelling, bruising or tenderness to the injured area
- It is painful for your child to move it, touch it or press on it
- The injured part looks deformed
What Happens Next?
- Call 911 - If your child has an 'open break' where the bone has punctured the skin, if they are unresponsive, if there is bleeding or if there have been any injuries to the spine, neck or head, call 911. Remember, better safe than sorry! If you do call 911, do not let the child eat or drink anything, as surgery may be required.
- Stop the Bleeding - Use a sterile bandage or cloth and compression to stop or slow any bleeding.
- Apply Ice - Particularly if the broken bone has remained under the skin, treat the swelling and pain with ice wrapped in a towel. As usual, remember to never place ice directly on the skin.
- Don't Move the Bone - It may be tempting to try to set the bone yourself to put your child out of pain, particularly if the bone has broken through the skin, do not do this! You risk injuring your child further. Leave the bone in the position it is in.
At some point in our childhood, we might have experienced chicken pox. While chicken pox most often occurs in children under the age of 12, it can also occur in adults who never had it as children.
Chickenpox is an itchy rash of spots that look like blisters and can appear all over the body while accompanied by flu-like symptoms. Chickenpox is very contagious, which is why your pediatrician in places a strong emphasis on keeping infected children out of school and at home until the rash is gone.
What are the Symptoms of Chickenpox?
When a child first develops chickenpox, they might experience a fever, headache, sore throat or stomachache. These symptoms may last for a few days, with a fever in the 101-102 F range. The onset of chicken pox causes a red, itchy skin rash that typically appears on the abdomen or back and face first, then spreads to almost any part of the body, including the scalp, mouth, arms, legs and genitals.
The rash begins as multiple small red bumps that look like pimples or insect bites, which are usually less than a quarter of an inch wide. These bumps appear in over two to four days and develop into thin-walled blisters filled with fluid. When the blister walls break, the sores are left open, which then dries into brown scabs. This rash is extremely itchy and cool baths or calamine lotion may help to manage the itching.
What are the Treatment Options?
A virus causes chickenpox, which is why your pediatrician in will not prescribe an antibiotic to treat it. However, your child might need an antibiotic if bacteria infects the sores, which is very common among children because they will often scratch and pick at the blisters—it is important to discourage this. Your child’s pediatrician in will be able to tell you if a medication is right for your child.
If you suspect your child has chickenpox, contact your pediatrician right away!